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Feasibility of Standalone TDoA-based Localization Using LoRaWAN

Abstract : The growing need for localization has created an array of alternative approaches to GNSS, based on Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Ultra-Wideband, etc. Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) is one such technology that has garnered tremendous attention due to its low power and long-range capabilities. Many attempts to achieve localization using LoRaWAN have been made till now, based on a variety of techniques such as Angle of Arrival (AoA), Time Difference of Arrival (TDoA), Received Signal Strength Index (RSSI). In this paper, we present a novel, standalone localization approach by developing a collaborative, TDoA-based methodology using LoRaWAN. The server determines the target node location by means of TDoA measurements from the target node to the gateways. The introduction of an additional stationary node allows the synchronization of the gateways without utilizing GNSS, either inbuilt or external. The cooperation between target node, synchronization node and server, is the innovative feature which makes this approach attractive for GNSS-free localization. Further, we explore the effects of timing resolution, time-on-air, and duty cycle constraints on the localization error. Finally, the distribution of error in a triangle of gateways situated approximately 8.6 kilometers apart is simulated in ideal Line of Sight (LoS) conditions, showing the maximum error to be around 23 meters.
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https://hal.laas.fr/hal-03288706
Contributor : Nicola Accettura Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 2:03:22 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:18:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, October 17, 2021 - 6:45:23 PM

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Ruthwik Muppala, Abhinav Navnit, Deeksha Devendra, Roberto Matera, Nicola Accettura, et al.. Feasibility of Standalone TDoA-based Localization Using LoRaWAN. International Conference on Localization and GNSS (ICL-GNSS 2021), Jun 2021, Tampere (virtual), Finland. ⟨10.1109/ICL-GNSS51451.2021.9452311⟩. ⟨hal-03288706⟩

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