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Abstraction in Archaeological Stratigraphy: a Pyrenean Lineage of Innovation (late 19ᵗʰ-early 21ᵗʰ century)

Abstract : Methodological innovations have a special status in disciplinary histories, because they can be widely adopted and anonymised. In the 1950s, this occurred to Georges Laplace’s innovative use of 3-dimensional metric Cartesian coordinate system to record the positions of archaeological objects. This paper proposes a conceptual and social history of this process, with a focus on its spatial context, the Pyrenean region (Spain, Basque Country, and France). Main results of this research based on archives, publications, and bibliometric data, include: 1) a critical discussion of the notions concerning authorship of such methodological innovations; 2) a presentation of the lesser-known aspects of Laplace’s method, showing its contribution to the abstraction and formalisation of archaeological observations and data recording; and 3) the identification of an international Pyrenean intellectual lineage of innovation regarding stratigraphy and excavation methods, from the late 19ᵗʰ century to the early 21ᵗʰ century.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03338343
Contributor : Sébastien Plutniak Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 6:01:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 4:58:12 PM

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Sébastien Plutniak. Abstraction in Archaeological Stratigraphy: a Pyrenean Lineage of Innovation (late 19ᵗʰ-early 21ᵗʰ century). Sophie de Beaune; Alessandro Guidi; Oscar Moro Abadía; Massimo Tarantini. New Advances in the History of Archaeology, Archaeopress, pp.78-92, 2021, 978-1803270722. ⟨10.31235/osf.io/2pgak⟩. ⟨hal-03338343v2⟩

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