- Home

[...]

We apply the recently developed reduced Google matrix algorithm for the analysis of the OECD-WTO world network of economic activities. This approach allows to determine interdependences and interactions of economy sectors of several countries, including China, Russia and USA, properly taking into account the influence of all other world countries and their economic activities. Within this analysis we also obtain the sensitivity of economy sectors and EU countries to petroleum activity sector. We show that this approach takes into account multiplicity of network links with economy interactions between countries and activity sectors thus providing more rich information compared to the usual export-import analysis.

[...]

We introduce and study a class of entanglement criteria based on the idea of applying local contractions to an input multipartite state, and then computing the projective tensor norm of the output. More precisely, we apply to a mixed quantum state a tensor product of contractions from the Schatten class $S_1$ to the Euclidean space $\ell_2$, which we call entanglement testers. We analyze the performance of this type of criteria on bipartite and multipartite systems, for general pure and mixed quantum states, as well as on some important classes of symmetric quantum states. We also show that previously studied entanglement criteria, such as the realignment and the SIC POVM criteria, can be viewed inside this framework. This allows us to answer in the positive two conjectures of Shang, Asadian, Zhu, and G\"uhne by deriving systematic relations between the performance of these two criteria.

In this work, we establish the connection between the study of free spectrahedra and the compatibility of quantum measurements with an arbitrary number of outcomes. This generalizes previous results by the authors for measurements with two outcomes. Free spectrahedra arise from matricial relaxations of linear matrix inequalities. A particular free spectrahedron which we define in this work is the matrix jewel. We find that the compatibility of arbitrary measurements corresponds to the inclusion of the matrix jewel into a free spectrahedron defined by the effect operators of the measurements under study. We subsequently use this connection to bound the set of (asymmetric) inclusion constants for the matrix jewel using results from quantum information theory and symmetrization. The latter translate to new lower bounds on the compatibility of quantum measurements. Among the techniques we employ are approximate quantum cloning and mutually unbiased bases.

English Wikipedia, containing more than five millions articles, has approximately eleven thousands web pages devoted to proteins or genes most of which were generated by the Gene Wiki project. These pages contain information about interactions between proteins and their functional relationships. At the same time, they are interconnected with other Wikipedia pages describing biological functions, diseases, drugs and other topics curated by independent, not coordinated collective efforts. Therefore, Wikipedia contains a directed network of protein functional relations or physical interactions embedded into the global network of the encyclopedia terms, which defines hidden (indirect) functional proximity between proteins. We applied the recently developed reduced Google Matrix (REGOMAX) algorithm in order to extract the network of hidden functional connections between proteins in Wikipedia. In this network we discovered tight communities which reflect areas of interest in molecular biology or medicine. Moreover, by comparing two snapshots of Wikipedia graph (from years 2013 and 2017), we studied the evolution of the network of direct and hidden protein connections. We concluded that the hidden connections are more dynamic compared to the direct ones and that the size of the hidden interaction communities grows with time. We recapitulate the results of Wikipedia protein community analysis and annotation in the form of an interactive online map, which can serve as a portal to the Gene Wiki project.

We explore the influence of precision of the data and the algorithm for the simulation of chaotic dynamics by neural networks techniques. For this purpose, we simulate the Lorenz system with different precisions using three different neural network techniques adapted to time series, namely reservoir computing (using ESN), LSTM and TCN, for both short and long time predictions, and assess their efficiency and accuracy. Our results show that the ESN network is better at predicting accurately the dynamics of the system, and that in all cases the precision of the algorithm is more important than the precision of the training data for the accuracy of the predictions. This result gives support to the idea that neural networks can perform time-series predictions in many practical applications for which data are necessarily of limited precision, in line with recent results. It also suggests that for a given set of data the reliability of the predictions can be significantly improved by using a network with higher precision than the one of the data.

We introduce a general framework for de Finetti reduction results, applicable to various notions of partially exchangeable probability distributions. Explicit statements are derived for the cases of exchangeability, Markov exchangeability, and some generalizations of these. Our techniques are combinatorial and rely on the "BEST" theorem, enumerating the Eulerian cycles of a multigraph.

In this work, we prove a lower bound on the difference between the first and second singular values of quantum channels induced by random isometries, that is tight in the scaling of the number of Kraus operators. This allows us to give an upper bound on the difference between the first and second largest (in modulus) eigenvalues of random channels with same large input and output dimensions for finite number of Kraus operators $k\geq 169$. Moreover, we show that these random quantum channels are quantum expanders, answering a question posed by Hastings. As an application, we show that ground states of infinite 1D spin chains, which are well-approximated by matrix product states, fulfill a principle of maximum entropy.

In his solution of Hilbert's 17th problem Artin showed that any positive definite polynomial in several variables can be written as the quotient of two sums of squares. Later Reznick showed that the denominator in Artin's result can always be chosen as an $N$-th power of a linear form and gave explicit bounds on $N$. By using concepts from quantum information theory (such as partial traces, optimal cloning maps, and an identity due to Chiribella) we give simpler proofs and minor improvements of both real and complex versions of this result. Moreover, we discuss constructions of Hilbert identities using Gaussian integrals and we review an elementary method to construct complex spherical designs. Finally, we apply our results to give improved bounds for exponential de Finetti theorems in the real and in the complex setting.

We introduce SudoQ, a quantum version of the classical game Sudoku. Allowing the entries of the grid to be (non-commutative) projections instead of integers, the solution set of SudoQ puzzles can be much larger than in the classical (commutative) setting. We introduce and analyze a randomized algorithm for computing solutions of SudoQ puzzles. Finally, we state two important conjectures relating the quantum and the classical solutions of SudoQ puzzles, corroborated by analytical and numerical evidence.

This paper introduces a new Plug-and-Play (PnP) alternating direction of multipliers (ADMM) scheme based on a recently proposed denoiser using the Schroedinger equation solutions of quantum physics. The proposed algorithm referred to as QAB-PnP is well-adapted to Poisson noise, which is very common for imaging applications, such as, limited photon acquisition. In contrast to existing PnP approaches using a variance stabilizing transformation that is not invariant to deconvolution operation, the proposed method does not suffer from this theoretical problem. Moreover, numerical results show the superiority of the proposed scheme compared to recent state-of-the-art techniques, for both low and high signal-to-noise-ratio scenarios.

We study the joint distribution of the set of all marginals of a random Wishart matrix acting on a tensor product Hilbert space. We compute the limiting free mixed cumulants of the marginals, and we show that in the balanced asymptotical regime, the marginals are asymptotically free. We connect the matrix integrals relevant to the study of operators on tensor product spaces with the corresponding classes of combinatorial maps, for which we develop the combinatorial machinery necessary for the asymptotic study. Finally, we present some applications to the theory of random quantum states in quantum information theory.

Geopolitics focuses on political power in relation to geographic space. Interactions among world countries have been widely studied at various scales, observing economic exchanges, world history or international politics among others. This work exhibits the potential of Wikipedia mining for such studies. Indeed, Wikipedia stores valuable fine-grained dependencies among countries by linking webpages together for diverse types of interactions (not only related to economical, political or historical facts). We mine herein the Wikipedia networks of several language editions using the recently proposed method of reduced Google matrix analysis. This approach allows to establish direct and hidden links between a subset of nodes that belong to a much larger directed network. Our study concentrates on 40 major countries chosen worldwide. Our aim is to offer a multicultural perspective on their interactions by comparing networks extracted from five different Wikipedia language editions, emphasizing English, Russian and Arabic ones. We demonstrate that this approach allows to recover meaningful direct and hidden links among the 40 countries of interest.

Nonlinear propagation of purely stationary large amplitude electromagnetic (EM) solitary waves in a magnetized electron-positron (EP) plasma is studied using a fully relativistic two-fluid hydrodynamic model which accounts for physical regimes of both weakly relativistic $(P\ll nmc^2)$ and ultrarelativistic $(P\gg nmc^2)$ random thermal energies. Here, $P$ is the thermal pressure, $n$ the number density and $m$ the mass of a particle, and $c$ is the speed of light in vacuum. Previous theory in the literature [Phys. Plasmas \textbf{11}, 3078 (2004)] is advanced and generalized by the relativistic thermal motion of both electrons and positrons. While both the sub-Alfv{\'e}nic and super-Alfv{\'e}nic solitons coexist in the weakly relativistic regime, the ultrarelativistic EP plasmas in contrast support only the sub-Alfv{\'e}nic solitons. Different limits of the Mach numbers and soliton amplitudes are also examined in these two physical regimes.

Wikipedia network Community structure Celestial mechanics Billiards Centralité Amplification Semi-classique Spin Arnold diffusion Covid-19 Chaos Quantique Harper model Adaptive transform Condensat Bose-Einstein ADMM Quantum mechanics Cancers Atom laser Solar System Poincare recurrences 7215Rn Astérosismologie PageRank Chaotic systems Social networks 0545Mt Entropy Calcul quantique Clonage 2DRank Interférence World trade Anderson localization Complex networks Chaos spreading Computer Science Bose--Einstein condensates Cheirank 6470qj Contagion Cloning Bose gas Chaotic dynamics CheiRank algorithm DNA Chaos Ordinateur quantique Fidelity Bose Einstein condensate Random matrix theory 2DRank algorithm Aubry transition Quantum computation Wigner crystal Adaptative denoiser Dynamical chaos Big data Dark matter Adaptive transformation Nonlinearity Centrality 2DEAG Chaos quantique Business CheiRank Computer algebra Beam splitter Anderson transition Bose-Einstein condensate Husimi function Quantum chaos Statistical description Cold gases Critical phenomena Communauté Anomalous diffusio Information quantique Opinion formation 0375-b Google matrix Directed networks Cnacer networks Adaptive signal and image representation PageRank algorithm Markov chains Anderson localisation Algorithmes quantiques Cancer drugs Continuous tensor product Cold atoms 2DEG Classical chaos Quantum information Semiclassical Crisis Wikipedia Anderson model Networks Wikipedia networks Binaries