Pour un diagnostic socio-environnemental sur un territoire: l'Acteur en 4 Dimensions (A4D)

Abstract : The territory represents the duality between man and nature, mixing subjective and objective elements. For some authors, this polysemic notion makes less and less sense and should be abandoned. We propose on the opposite to deepen the analysis of this territorial complexity. To do so, this paper explores two complementary theses. On a theoretical basis, we define the territory as a socio-patrimonial system: an interactional nexus between social relations and what we call patrimonial relations (links to natural and cultural heritage). On a practical basis, we operationalized this definition through a model entitled the Actor in 4 Dimensions (A4D) which examines relations between humans and relations to non-humans on a specific area. The A4D leads to territorial footprints for each actor of the area, a synchronic radiography of their social and patrimonial links. This analytical model is a vector of data on the actors and of dialog between them; it can be of interest for researchers, mediators, administrators and for territorial actors themselves. Our results show that social relations depend on the context in which they are anchored and that man and nature relationships exist through social links. In order to decrypt what a territory is, this socio-patrimonial nexus should be more deeply decorticated by studying the attaches between nature and culture.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 18, 2019 - 11:51:38 AM
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Léa Sébastien. Pour un diagnostic socio-environnemental sur un territoire: l'Acteur en 4 Dimensions (A4D). Nouvelles perspectives en sciences sociales, Prise de parole (Ontario, Canada), 2014, Sur le thème du territoire, 10 (1), pp.283-329. ⟨10.7202/1028442ar⟩. ⟨hal-00985967⟩

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