L'étoffe des dieux. Les consécrations de vêtements dans le monde grec : autour du culte attique d'Artémis Brauronia

Abstract : In many Greek sanctuaries, worshippers used to dedicate textiles to the deities. Two main kinds of dedications might be found: first, occasional offerings of clothing previously worn, that aim at creating an intimate relationship between the dedicant (mostly women) and the deity ; second, the annual offering, on behalf of a whole city, of a brand-new fabric that was woven especially for this purpose, and was conveyed through a procession to dress the divine statue during public festivals. This paper will analyze the close relationship between the two types of dedications, by studying the case of the attic worship of Artemis in Brauron. Relying mainly on epigraphic testimonies (public inventories of textile offerings), I will try to shed light on the « agalmatic » aspect of such textile offerings. A comparison will thus be drawn with the catholic cult of Virgins, as studied by Marlène Albert Llorca, and in particular with the worship of the Black Virgin of La Daurade in Toulouse, during modern times. By doing so, I will show that the sharp distinction between individual and public offerings, often assumed by ancient Greek historians, should be reconsidered.
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Adeline Grand-Clément. L'étoffe des dieux. Les consécrations de vêtements dans le monde grec : autour du culte attique d'Artémis Brauronia. 2014. ⟨hal-01314844⟩

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