De l'indocilité au travail d'une fraction des jeunesses populaires. Les apprentis et la culture ouvrière.

Abstract : Research on apprentices in two big public enterprises leads us to put in perspective the prevailing theses based on arguments about the rejection of the working-class heritage and the disappearance of forms of resistance among young people with working-class origins. Focusing on contexts of apprenticeship it sheds light on how apprentices cope with requirements related to situations at the workplace. Apprenticeship — an uncertain, contingent, unsteady position in the world of work — does not motivate these young people to identify collectively with other wage-earners; nor does it facilitate the acquisition of class consciousness. In this sense, it relates to a process of social rather than occupational integration. However apprentices reinvent traditional and/or new practices of resistance (opposition, evasion or pretending) that enable them to skirt around or even modify work-related requirements. Entry into the world of work, as well as the resulting pleasure or disenchantment, can be marked by feelings other than “disaffection” with labor, a sense of submission or individualism, or a fascination or identification with the middle classes.
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Prisca Kergoat. De l'indocilité au travail d'une fraction des jeunesses populaires. Les apprentis et la culture ouvrière.. Sociologie du Travail, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 48 (4), pp.545-560. ⟨10.1016/j.soctra.2006.08.004⟩. ⟨hal-01325777⟩

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