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Denuded forests, wooded estates : statemaking in a Janmam area of Gudalur, Tamil Nadu

Abstract : Small famers have been blamed for forest degradation in O'Valley, Gudalur. The state 's response to this perceived forest degradation in the post-colonial perido has been to inscreasingly environmentalise forest policy and law through extending its territorial control over the forest commons, consequently labelling farmers as encroachers. This article argues that the state was in fact very much implicated, along with the Nilambur Kovilagam janni (landlord), in the transformation of the forested landscape into a plantation economy so as to inscrease its revenue. It also highlights the contradictions in the post-colonial state's environmentalisation of policy, the impact of this environmentalisation on small famers and how small farmers, along with larger estate owners, resisted mostly through legal recourse the state's efforts to reclaim undevelopped forest land. By doing so, the article highlights the contested meanings often ascribed to the forested commons thet underlie conflicts over resources.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01452981, version 1


Ajit Menon, Christelle Hinnewinkel, Sylvie Guillerme. Denuded forests, wooded estates : statemaking in a Janmam area of Gudalur, Tamil Nadu. The indian Economic and social history review, 2013, 50 (4), pp.449-471. ⟨hal-01452981⟩



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