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Vibrations du clavecin de Diderot des Lumières vers le marxisme et le surréalisme

Abstract : Inspired by physicians of his time, such as Bordeu, Diderot, in the Entretien entre M. D’Alembert et M. Diderot and in Le Rêve de D’Alembert, uses the metaphor of the vibrations of the strings of the harpsichord revisiting thereby the ancient conception of the nerves as vessels carrying "animal spiritus". In very different contexts, the distant resonances of the materialism of the instrument continued to be heard. In 1909, the metaphor was used by Lenin in Matérialism and Empirio-criticism. In 1932, René Crevel appropriates Le Clavecin de Diderot to attempt a reconciliation between Marxism, psychoanalysis and Surrealism. Following the course of this metaphor, this article evaluates its argumentative strength but also its plasticity, which allowed it to outlive the collapse of its original scientific substrate.
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Contributor : Didier Foucault Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 13, 2017 - 10:30:05 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 26, 2020 - 11:14:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 14, 2017 - 12:59:32 PM


Foucault Vibrations du claveci...
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Didier Foucault. Vibrations du clavecin de Diderot des Lumières vers le marxisme et le surréalisme . Littératures classiques, Société de littératures classiques (SLC) / différents éditeurs, 2014, « Littérature et Science ; archéologie d’un litige (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles », pp.327-341. ⟨hal-01586696⟩



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