Indexicaux : orientation cognitive, point de vue, et création de discours

Abstract : Abstract This study argues against the predominant conception of indexical markers in the relevant literature. This assumes that they are simply tools for the retrieval of a referent that is already installed in some discourse, as a function of truth conditions (an "objectivist" conception, then). The chapter discusses in this respect the neo-Gricean approach of Levinson (2000) and the (in part) Gricean one of Gundel et al. (cf. the "Givenness Hierarchy"), as well as that of Ariel in terms of cognitive accessibility. Yet a consideration of a number of attested examples in both English and French reveals a functioning of a quite different kind, in which the use of a given marker in context is motivated rather by subjective and interactional, dialogic factors: viewed from this perspective, the markers at issue do not reflect the hierarchies or scales within which they are ordered in these models. Instead, they function rather to establish a particular interlocutive relationship between speaker and addressee (or writer and reader), to express an epistemic attitude or stance on the speaker's part, or to signal a particular type of structuring of the discourse under construction which is to be made at a given point in its development.
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Francis Cornish. Indexicaux : orientation cognitive, point de vue, et création de discours. Linguistique et discours, A paraître. ⟨hal-01925938⟩

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