Donating organs: A theory-driven inventory of motives

Abstract : Two studies examined the motives that lay behind patients' acceptance or reluctance at donating organs after death. They also examined the way these motives were related to demographic characteristics, personality, and signing a donor card. Six separable motives for donation were found: Financial Incentive, Humanistic or Religious Duty, Positive Consideration from Others, Living on Through a Receiver, Gift of Life, and Close Others. Five motives for not donating were found: Preserving the Absolute Integrity of the Corpus, Strict Individualism, Lack of Control over the Use of the Organs, Anonymity of the Procedure, and Respecting Family Wishes. These motives were linked to personality factors in a meaningful way. Willingness to sign was higher among female participants and among participants with lower scores on Integrity of the Corpus and higher scores on Duty and Gift of Life. When Integrity of the Corpus scored highly, however, the effect of the other factors was practically eliminated. In other words, Integrity of the Corpus acted as a protected value: Trying to change people's belief that the integrity of the corpus at death is a sacrosanct issue would come with its own ethical issues.
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Myriam Guedj, María Teresa Muñoz-Sastre, Etienne Mullet. Donating organs: A theory-driven inventory of motives. Psychology, Health and Medicine, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2011, 16 (4), pp.418-429. ⟨10.1080/13548506.2011.555770⟩. ⟨hal-01953062⟩

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