Sites sidérurgiques d’Ounianga (Nord Tchad), un patrimoine archéologique perdu dans le désert

Abstract : The region of Ounianga is located in the North of Chad. Though the region has benefited from several scientific programs in the past, none focused on the metallurgical activities of the populations living in this territory. Created in 2014, the "Archaeology of the Lakeside Regions of Chad" Project is supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It was set up with the objective of investigating the history and the dynamics of the population of the lakeside regions of Chad, by giving particular attention to the archaeological material cultures. Two field missions in 2015 and 2016 were carried out in the region of Ounianga. The 2016 field season highlighted unpublished ironworking sites in the area. Our communication aims to present these discoveries by characterizing the metallurgical activities, identifying their actors and defining the historical periods of their works according to radiometric dating. We will also discuss the nature of raw materials (ore and fuel) used to produce some raw iron and iron objects.
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Conference papers
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https://hal-univ-tlse2.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02011258
Contributor : Caroline Robion-Brunner <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 6:14:37 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 18, 2019 - 2:44:03 PM

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Djimet Guemona, Caroline Robion-Brunner, Vincent Mourre. Sites sidérurgiques d’Ounianga (Nord Tchad), un patrimoine archéologique perdu dans le désert. 15e Congrès de l’association archéologique panafricaine de préhistoire et disciplines associées, Sep 2018, Rabat, Maroc. ⟨hal-02011258⟩

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