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Production et diffusion au Chalcolithique des lames en silex du Ludien de Collorgues (Gard)

Abstract : This article presents a synthesis of our knowledge of the exploitation of Ludian flint from the tertiary basin of Collorgues (Gard department) at the end of the Neolithic and during the Chalcolithic period. During the 19th century, early research was conducted on the pseudo-hypogea of Collorgues. Later studies, however, revealed that these structures were originally flint extraction galleries for the production of bifacial pieces from small flint plaques and blades from larger plaques. A recent study of archaeological assemblages originating from excavations and surface collections in proximity to Collorgues has revealed the presence of several workshops specialised in blade production near the raw material sources. These data, integrated with those collected from the study of blades exported to part of the Midi region in southern France, have revealed a selection of full debitage phase blades for exchanges. These studies have also allowed us to delimit a preferential diffusion zone concerned by these exportations and to propose a chronological framework that we can situate roughly between 3300 and 2400 BC for the development and end of this phenomenon.
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Maxime Remicourt, Jean Vaquer, Marc Bordreuil. Production et diffusion au Chalcolithique des lames en silex du Ludien de Collorgues (Gard). Gallia Préhistoire – Préhistoire de la France dans son contexte européen, CNRS Éditions, 2009, 51, pp.213-244. ⟨10.3406/galip.2009.2479⟩. ⟨hal-02050665v2⟩

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