Le figement dans la parole du personnage de roman

Abstract : This paper explores how the putting of set phrases in to the mouths of characters within works of fiction contributes to style in four novels by Albert Cohen, namely Solal, Mangeclous, Belle du Seigneur and Les Valeureux. A wide range of such phrases have been collected, displaying every type of set phrase. Through the ironic use he makes of such expressions, the novelist finds a stylistic outlet for his critical awareness of language. The reader can, in turn, construct a representation of the characters which is based on their relationship to language, conformism, social belonging, authority, etc—a relationship used by the writer to orchestrate his characters’ selfincriminations. Set phrases appear as the stylistic crystallization and connotative mark of the doxic freezing process. The first disqualification, on the sociolinguistic level, stigmatizes the petit bourgeois, and combines with a further ideological disqualification — that of the social group, through cohesive speech. Furthermore, the reader experiences the freezing processas he reads on, in novelistic diachrony. The satiric disqualification moves from group and language to couple and speech as it is constructed by the novel, so that the reader sees the freezing process at work. These two phenomenons, outside and inside the novel, locate the origin of these speeches above the characters’ individuality, and therefore lessen their subjectivity and meaning. The freezing process is dealt in this way to make the reader experience in vivo what speaking really means.
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Jérôme Cabot. Le figement dans la parole du personnage de roman. Les cahiers de praxématique, Montpellier : Presses universitaires de la Méditerranée, 2006-, 2006, Changements linguistiques : figement, lexicalisation, grammaticalisation, pp.103-120. ⟨hal-02055160⟩

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