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The Ethnic Composition of Medieval Epirus

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Abstract

Medieval Epirus was the melting pot of many migratory influxes, whether Slav, Vlach, Jewish, Albanian or Italian. Some Greek refugees also found asylum in this province during hard times. The best documented period is that from 1200 onwards. During the last three centuries of the middle ages, we see a sense of coexistence developing between the various nationalities which was not always pacific. Ideas of nationality, however, were different then from now, and we may also observe that the different military conflicts of the period were not ethnic ones. The Greeks despised some of the other groups, but this was mainly for social reasons. At the least, we may say that armies and aristocracies those fields which we know best, thanks to our sources-were predominantly mixed. L'Epire, région du nord-ouest de la Grèce fut pendant le Moyen Age une province reculée de l'Empire Byzantin. Elle reçut à cette période plusieurs vagues d'immigration qui ont considérablement influé sur sa société. Nous connaissons peu les temps les plus anciens, et notamment les rapports entre la population grecque et les Slaves installés massivement à la fin du VIe siècle. Il est néanmoins certain que vers 1200, date à partir de laquelle nos sources deviennent plus nombreuses, les Slaves étaient totalement assimilés. Les Vlaques ou Aroumains ont quant à eux une origine obscure. Ils apparurent au Xe siècle et possèdent encore aujourd'hui une culture propre. Plu-sieurs communautés juives, de rite romaniote, dont l'origine est mal connue, sont attestées.
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Dates and versions

hal-02083128 , version 1 (27-06-2019)

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  • HAL Id : hal-02083128 , version 1

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Brendan Osswald. The Ethnic Composition of Medieval Epirus. S.G.Ellis; L.Klusáková. Imagining frontiers, contesting identities, Pisa University Press, 2007, 978-88-8492-466-7. ⟨hal-02083128⟩
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