Les premières expressions du Solutréen dans le Sud-Ouest français. Évolution techno-économique des équipements lithiques au cours du Dernier Maximum Glaciaire.

Abstract : The strong typological identity and the very singular stylistic patterns of the Solutrean lithic tool-kit have led to its interpretation as a unified cultural entity. The Solutrean is characterized by the the successive appearance of lithic tools that are specific to this techno-complex: pointes à face plane of the Early Solutrean, laurel leaves and shouldered points of the Recent Solutrean. This work envisions the Solutrean from the view point of lithic techno-economic patterns. The analysis of several key-assemblages from the beginning of the Solutrean in South-Western France is able to distinguish two distinct typo-technological stages: the Protosolutrean (including Vale Comprido points) and the Early Solutrean characterized by the development of pointes à face plane. The comparison between these two sets of complexes leads us to propose a typo-technological mechanism for the evolution of lithic tools and core reduction sequences from the Protosolutrean to the Early Solutrean. The first Solutrean expressions are then incorporated into a more diachronic perspective and compared to the recent stages of development of that techno-complex. The Solutrean is defined by an evolution towards more diversified and specialized hunting weapons that represents the adaptation of human groups to the rigorous climatic context of the last glacial maximum. Our new technological definition of the earliest stages of the Solutrean lead us to interpret its technical evolution in socio-economic terms.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 14, 2019 - 3:51:49 PM
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Caroline Renard. Les premières expressions du Solutréen dans le Sud-Ouest français. Évolution techno-économique des équipements lithiques au cours du Dernier Maximum Glaciaire.. John and Erica Hedges Ltd. BAR International Series, 315 p, 2010, 978 1 4073 0478 6. ⟨hal-02129115⟩

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