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Recherches archéologiques sur les mines et la métallurgie de l’argent à Imiter (Maroc)

Abstract : Imiter, the silver mine of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas still in operation today, displays archaeological evidence of ancient mining and metallurgical works. Written sources and the study of artefacts has already allowed to suggest that the site of Imiter was the ancient Todgha, a locality mentioned during the medieval period (El Ajlaoui 1994). Between 2011 and 2014, a multidisciplinary team (historian, metallogenic geologist, geochemist, archaeologists) undertook surface and underground prospection, the excavation of three ore enrichment tanks as well as the mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ancient ores and metallurgical wastes. The radiocarbon dates obtained on the tanks place their final use between the 2nd century cal BC and the 5th century cal AD, i.e. before the Islamic period. This article reports on results of this research, which documents for the first time an ancient silver mining site in the southern regions of Morocco, which continued in medieval times.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 6:01:31 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 11, 2022 - 11:55:15 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 16, 2022 - 6:06:17 PM


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François-Xavier Fauvelle, Caroline Robion-Brunner, Jean-Marc Fabre, Sandrine Baron, Romain Mensan, et al.. Recherches archéologiques sur les mines et la métallurgie de l’argent à Imiter (Maroc). Journal of African archaeology, Frankfurt a. Main : Africa-Magna-Verl, 2021, 19 (1), pp.90-113. ⟨10.1163/21915784-20210002⟩. ⟨hal-03176019⟩



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