Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Not all personal definitions of healthy eating are linked to orthorexic behaviors among French college women. A cluster analysis study

Abstract : This study represents a first attempt to explore the typology of French female young adults based on personal definitions of healthy eating and to examine inter-group differences regarding their tendencies towards Orthorexia Nervosa (ON), eating disordered (ED) and obsessive-compulsive (OC) behaviors. Method: 362 female adults (Mage = 23.43, SD = 3.82) completed a 40-item questionnaire assessing personal definitions of healthy eating, the Eating Habits Questionnaire, the Eating-Disorders Inventory-3 and the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised. Results: Exploratory factor analysis yielded 6 factors for healthy eating definitions: "Health benefits", "Politico-ecological", "Restriction", "Pleasure", "Socio-cultural" and "Dietary avoidance". Cluster analysis based on these factors identified 3 distinct groups: "Self & Environment aware " (SEA), "Restrictive-Avoidant" (RA) and "Sociable-Pleasure seeking" (SP). The SEA cluster emphasized the "Health benefits", "Politico-ecological" and "Dietary avoidance" factors while defining healthy eating. The RA cluster highlighted the "Restriction" and "Dietary avoidance" factors while the SP cluster mainly emphasized the "Pleasure" and "Socio-cultural" factors. Compared to all other clusters, the SEA cluster displayed greater scores in ON behaviors. The RA cluster displayed greater scores in ED behaviors compared to SP cluster. No significant difference was found between clusters regarding OC behaviors. Conclusion: Findings from this study suggest that ON behaviors can vary depending on personal definitions of healthy eating. They further indicate that the definitions of healthy eating related to ON behaviors are largely different from those related to ED and OC behaviors. This study offers considerable support for the possibility of ON being a distinct condition from ED and OC behaviors.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-univ-tlse2.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03197418
Contributor : Patrick Raynal <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 13, 2021 - 6:50:46 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 3:24:26 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, July 14, 2021 - 6:57:26 PM

File

 Restricted access
To satisfy the distribution rights of the publisher, the document is embargoed until : 2022-02-12

Please log in to resquest access to the document

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Ecem Yakın, Patrick Raynal, Henri Chabrol. Not all personal definitions of healthy eating are linked to orthorexic behaviors among French college women. A cluster analysis study. Appetite, Elsevier, 2021, 162, pp.105164. ⟨10.1016/j.appet.2021.105164⟩. ⟨hal-03197418⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

26