Different and Unequal: A Qualitative Evaluation of Salient Factors Influencing Energy Intake in Adults with Overweight and Obesity - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2019

Different and Unequal: A Qualitative Evaluation of Salient Factors Influencing Energy Intake in Adults with Overweight and Obesity

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Maria Carlota Dao
Ellen Messer
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113164
Teresa Conigliaro
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113177
Kylie Sakaida
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113178
Alexis F Ouellette
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113179
Victoria Himaras
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113180
Thiron Sophie
Susan B Roberts
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1113174

Abstract

Environmental factors such as food availability and variety can function as cues for overeating in individuals susceptible to overweight or obesity, but relatively little is known about other types of environmental factors that may also be important. This qualitative study compared and contrasted categories of internal and external cues through focus groups and key informant interviews with 24 adults (26 to 77 years old) in the United States who had a body mass index within the healthy range (21.6 ± 2.5 kg/m2) or had overweight or obesity (29.1 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Five domains of external factors influencing food intake were identified: (a) Environmental cues including food availability and variety; (b) normative expectations for dietary intake; (c) food palatability; (d) overt social pressures to overeat; and (e) perceived social expectations around eating. All external domains were noted by participants with overweight or obesity to be challenging, and solutions to avoid overeating were lacking; however, overt social pressures and perceived social expectations appeared to be especially problematic. By explicitly defining different domains of external factors that challenge healthy weight regulation, this study identifies specific targets to address in interventions for healthy weight management.
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hal-03375159 , version 1 (12-10-2021)

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Maria Carlota Dao, Ellen Messer, Teresa Conigliaro, Kylie Sakaida, Alexis F Ouellette, et al.. Different and Unequal: A Qualitative Evaluation of Salient Factors Influencing Energy Intake in Adults with Overweight and Obesity. Nutrients, 2019, 11 (6), ⟨10.3390/nu11061365⟩. ⟨hal-03375159⟩

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