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L’évolution du regard sur les substituts au lait maternel dans les sociétés française et américaine de la fin du XIXe siècle à aujourd’hui. Développement, commercialisation et remise en question

Abstract : This article follows the evolution of the look on cow's milk-based breast-milk substitutes, from the development of a first formula at the end of the 19th century, to the questions they raise at the beginning of the 21st century. In this timeframe, they have gone from being seen as a ‘good food’ for infants to being a subject of mistrust and anxiety. Three historic periods are analysed: 1) the development of the first industrial formulas at the end of the 19th century; 2) their rapid success, in a context of medicalisation of food at the beginning and middle of the 20th century; 3) and finally their questioning since the end of the 20th century, in a context where breast milk substitutes are at the centre of sanitary crises, and where the rise of industrialisation of the food system in general is questioned. This work is based on the literature published in the human and social sciences from the 1980s onwards.
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https://hal-univ-tlse2.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03482311
Contributor : Sophie Thiron Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 15, 2021 - 6:36:37 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:09:15 AM

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Thiron Sophie, Audrey Soula. L’évolution du regard sur les substituts au lait maternel dans les sociétés française et américaine de la fin du XIXe siècle à aujourd’hui. Développement, commercialisation et remise en question. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique, Elsevier Masson, 2021, 56 (6), pp.377-385. ⟨10.1016/j.cnd.2021.10.001⟩. ⟨hal-03482311⟩

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