L'Éducation musicale au collège depuis 1985. Valeurs déclarées par des enseignants d'Éducation musicale, genèse

Abstract : The purpose of the thesis is to identify the values declared by 191 teachers of music in junior high schools, to study the link between these values and the history of the subject, to examine the personal history of these teachers as well as their relation to knowledge of music. The collection of samples of official texts, the methods of investigation (questionnaires, interviews after observations), the analysis of discourse of these teachers and that of official texts, and the principles of categorising have, at times, enabled the inference of values, at others, the collection of values explicitly declared. Whatever the way of dealing with the question of values might be – be it implicitly or explicitly- teachers give priority to moral and ethical values over aesthetic and intellectual values. There is some tension (some sort of interference) between moral and aesthetic values; this tension turns into hesitation between subjective and objective bases for their judgments of value when it comes to assessing the musical object. For teachers interviewed in a personal capacity, the general and specific criteria for their judgments of value are linked to the feeling of the receiver as well as to the composition, adopting therefore a subjectivist attitude. However, as teachers, they require from their pupils an objectivist attitude. These teachers, who are non relativist, would, therefore, be rather ‘Goodmanian’ in their relationship to the aesthetic when confronted to pupils, and rather ‘Kantian’ in a personal capacity. The training they have had seems to have had more influence upon their declared values than competitive exations or national curricula.
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Odile Tripier-Mondancin. L'Éducation musicale au collège depuis 1985. Valeurs déclarées par des enseignants d'Éducation musicale, genèse. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Toulouse 2 Le Mirail, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008TOU20079⟩. ⟨tel-01117916⟩

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