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Les frères Souffron (vers 1554-1649). Deux architectes-ingénieurs entre Guyenne et Languedoc, au temps de l'annexion de la Navarre

Abstract : Pierre I (doc. 1599-† 1621/1622) and Pierre II Souffron (1554- † 1649) are two namesake architect brothers, who were active in the provinces of Guyenne and Languedoc at the end of the sixteenth century and at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Pierre I, believed to be the eldest of the brothers, was an architect and engineer for the buildings of the royal House of Navarre. Located in the region of l’entre-deux-mers, he overseed several building sites including the château of Cadillac, property of the duc of Epernon. In addition to civil architecture, he was also known for his skills as a military and hydraulic engineer. His brother, Pierre II was also a multitasking artist. His status as Master Architect of the guild of the Saint-Marie cathedral of Auch enabled him to gain access to greater projects such as the Pont-Neuf of Toulouse. The decision to carry out a double monograph of these two artistic identities is far from innocuous, as this thesis reveals that beyond of their common practice of architecture and knowledge of their craft, the Souffron brothers benefited and often shared the same social networks. Based on the discovery of unpublished primary sources, the reinterpretation of other well-known documents and an extensive study of their works, this thesis follows their different career paths by taking into consideration that they both acted as purveyors of ideas between the royal milieu and the provinces. Creative and talented architects, they not only cleverly borrowed southern constructive traditions but were also inspired by contemporary building sites and fashionable architectural treatises such as those by Serlio, Palladio, Vignola, De l’Orne and Bullant. Completed by the catalogue raisonné, this novel thesis therefore sheds light on how these two unknown provincial architects were in fact the heirs of the Renaissance.
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https://hal-univ-tlse2.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03023024
Contributor : Sophie Fradier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 10:08:04 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 26, 2020 - 3:25:56 AM

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Sophie Fradier. Les frères Souffron (vers 1554-1649). Deux architectes-ingénieurs entre Guyenne et Languedoc, au temps de l'annexion de la Navarre. Art et histoire de l'art. Université de Toulouse Jean-Jaurès; Université de Saragosse, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-03023024⟩

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