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Métaphysique et facticité : penser la présence à partir de Martin Heidegger

Abstract : The focus of the present study is to investigate Heidegger's concept of facticity in the context of what he calls the destruction of the history of ontology, followed by, the overcoming of metaphysics. On the one hand, my task is to elucidate Heidegger's thought in its historical development, from a precise perspective, that of the concept of facticity. On the other hand, I aim to develop a concept of radicalized facticity. In Heidegger's thinking, facticity has been conceived since the early 1920s under the name of "facticial life" and can be understood in Being and Time as a "thrown project" of human existence (Dasein). In this time, an appropriate grasping of facticity would require a "destruction of the history of ontology." Ever since the so-called "turn" in the 1930s, the event thinking (Ereignisdenken) requires an "overcoming of metaphysics" or an "appropriation of metaphysics". My general guiding question is the following: if facticity in the early Heidegger is a condition of the possibility of the destruction of ontology, what would be analogically a condition of possibility of an overcoming (or appropriation) of metaphysics? It is generally accepted that facticity is the starting point of Heidegger's philosophy, but it disappears over time. One of the hypothesis of this work asserts that the concept of facticity, mutatis mutandis, is radicalized under the name of the event of appropriation (Ereignis). The "there" (Da) of Heidegger's concept of being-there (Dasein) is to be understood as facticity of existence. Therefore, my entire doctoral work handles, to a certain extent, the philosophical explanation of this "there", in a critical examination of metaphysics, whose only subject, according to Heidegger, is being (Sein).
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Wawrzyn Warkocki. Métaphysique et facticité : penser la présence à partir de Martin Heidegger. Philosophie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II; Universität-Gesamthochschule (Wuppertal, Allemagne), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU20003⟩. ⟨tel-03117943⟩

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