Système familial et attachement : revue de la question

Abstract : The parent–child attachment is an emotional bond between the child and his mother, or his father, who allows it to use her, or him, as a safety haven, when in distress, and then as a security base from which it can explore again when the danger has disappeared. Initially focused on the mother–child dyad, attachment theory then spread to the one established by the father and his child, then a set of figures closed to the child (brothers, sisters, grandparents, peers, and so on.). Today, more than 30 years after its initial empirical validation, the parent–child attachment is still interviewing scientists. Meanwhile, another theory involves research in psychology, the family system. Consisting of interacting elements, the family functions as a system and is also the first milieu in which steeps the child. The junction between the two theories is widely desired, and many are the authors who seek to understand the influence of intra-family relations on the quality of parent–child attachment. These relationships include marital relations, co-parenting, parent–child and sibling relationships.We propose here to take stock of all the researches that have studied the impact of each of them on the quality of parent–child attachment. This work is part of an eco-systemic perspective and is an important step toward a systemic approach, taking into account the dynamics of all family relationships.
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S. Pinel-Jacquemin, Chantal Zaouche Gaudron. Système familial et attachement : revue de la question . Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence, Elsevier Masson, 2009, 57 (3), pp.167 - 172. ⟨10.1016/j.neurenf.2008.09.006⟩. ⟨hal-01498538⟩

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