Jouer son blues quand la dépression résiste… : évaluation de l’efficacité d’un programme de musicothérapie pour des personnes présentant un trouble dépressif et/ou bipolaire résistants

Abstract : Objective: There is no research studying resistant depression and/or resistant bipolar disorders and the impact of Music-Therapy (receptive, active, creative) on those troubles. The aims of this exploratory study were to assess the mindfulness, defense mechanisms, depressive state, alexithymia, body distortion, before, after, and long after the participation in Music-Therapy workshops. The patient's experience is also taken into account during these workshops and after all the sessions. Participants and methods: Forty men and women participated in workshops but only fifteen were retained. Hospitalized in the “Treatment-Resistant Depression Expert Center” based in the Purpan hospital, they participated in the Music-Therapy program, created a CD, completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire (BVAQ), the Body Distortion Questionnaire (BDQ), along with a scale created for the study measuring the feeling at each meeting, and the Clinical Scale of Mediatized Therapies. Results: Statistical analyses showed more than fifteen significant differences between t0 (pre-test) and t1 (post-test) in connection with qualitative results. Discussion and conclusion: Improvements have been found in all the levels observed (Mindfulness, defenses, depression, emotions, body distortion). The positive impact of Music-Therapy should be confirmed by a longitudinal study.
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Laurie d'Abbadie de Nodrest, Jean-Luc Sudres, Laurent Schmitt, Antoine Yrondi. Jouer son blues quand la dépression résiste… : évaluation de l’efficacité d’un programme de musicothérapie pour des personnes présentant un trouble dépressif et/ou bipolaire résistants. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, Revue Psychiatrique, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 176 (3), pp.266-272. ⟨10.1016/j.amp.2016.10.013⟩. ⟨hal-01830568⟩

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