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"Pourquoi ton four n'est pas comme le mien ?" Diversité technique dans la sidérurgie ancienne : le cas du Dendi (Bénin)

Abstract : Although it is a long and complex process governed by strict physical and chemical rules, over time humankind has developed different ways to produce iron. Peoples have been innovative and creative in building furnaces, separating slag from iron, devising methods of ventilation, and adapting the spatial organization of workshops. Among the Dendi (north-east Benin), archaeological artefacts reflect the diversity of practice. Examination of various iron-working sites reveals varied forms and structures in the slag. The macroscopic and analytic study of these wastes allows us to distinguish five technical traditions in this area. This paper attempts to trace the history of iron-working among the Dendi by analysing the relationship between the technical processes and the possible existence of technical innovation. The data on human settlement within this region are then used to reveal the reasons for this diversity.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 2:51:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 12, 2021 - 7:44:02 AM
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Caroline Robion-Brunner. "Pourquoi ton four n'est pas comme le mien ?" Diversité technique dans la sidérurgie ancienne : le cas du Dendi (Bénin). Journal des Africanistes, Société des Africanistes, 2018, Le forgeron, le juge et l'ethnologue : autour de Bruno Martinelli, 88 (2), pp.16-39. ⟨hal-02090661⟩

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