Buenas practicas de desarrollo sostenible : el huerto familiar en el Altiplano Central Mexicano

Abstract : The present article, good practices of sustainable development: the home garden at Mexican Central Highlands, analyzes in three rural communities of Mexico traditional agroecological knowledge associated with this practice, to offer evidence of their importance for local development. Different studies confirm that the home gardens are agroecosystems, they provide food to family, favor familiar and community integration, help to in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity, and supply ecosystem services. The peasants develop production and conservation strategies based on local knowledge. Nevertheless, few studies highlight role of home gardens as part of sustainable local development. The research aim is to present home gardens at Mexican Central Highlands as a sustainable practice, due to their management favors the use and the traditional agroecological knowledge. Methodology consisted in research-action: participatory workshops to know home gardens management; information analysis for their interpretation; and reflection of main findings. Study results confirm that manage of agroecosystem is a traditional practice, transmitted from personal experience, from generation to generation. Families use fruits, leaves, flowers and stems of different species cultivated, used as food, condiments, medicines and for ritual activities. Products obtained are intended for familiar self-consumption or sale. It is concluded that is a practice that preserves biocultural diversity and the sustainable development policies should promote the maintenance and creation of home gardens.
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José Carmen Garcia Flores, Laura Calvet-Mir, Pablo Domínguez, J. Gutierrez. Buenas practicas de desarrollo sostenible : el huerto familiar en el Altiplano Central Mexicano. Julián Mora Aliseda. Gestion ambiental y desarrollo sustentable : experiencias comparadas, Thomson Reuters/Aranzadi Ed., pp.127-138, 2018. ⟨hal-02111584⟩

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