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Le terroir dans tous ses états: entre paradigme discursif et fragmentation des conceptions

Abstract : The multiple uses of the concept of « terroir » – often benevolent – reveal the heterogeneity of situations, actors and logics linked to it. As a fragmented reality, it implies a variety of knowledges and empirical realities, but in 2005, UNESCO adopted a new definition of the concept of terroir as a part of a process of international normalization. This chapter offers a critical approach of the emergence of this concept by means of its scientific, politic and professional history. Its international and institutional recognition through a definition, whose local operationalization translates into forms of hybridization of the notion, is here discussed. Because this conceptual cohesion faces numerous empirical realities in which local reappropriations do not necessarily match with the original model, considering the terroir as a paradigm allows a critical examination of its epistemological and ideological significations. The few perspectives described in this article show the influence of an occidental conception, embedded in ideology of sustainable development, accommodated in the capitalist economy.
Mots-clés : terroir fragmentation
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Vincent Baggioni, Isabelle Jabiot, Nicolas Lacombe. Le terroir dans tous ses états: entre paradigme discursif et fragmentation des conceptions. Christine Robles et Hubert Mazurek. Les impromptus du LPED, 1, pp.26-51, 2016, 979-10-96763-01-6. ⟨hal-02120269⟩

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