Pour une palethnologie du pauvre : apports des séquences du Sud-Ouest français à la définition des comportements techno- et socio-économiques lors de la transition solutréo-badegoulienne

Abstract : On the eve of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM: 23-19 ky cal. BP), several deep changes of the lithic technical systems occurred, illustrated in France by the transition between Solutrean and Badegoulian. This global reconfiguration of the equipments, notably dealing with their spatio-temporal management, added to the timing defined through radiometric data suggest a broader and fast socio-economic changes. Researches led as part of the “SaM” project since 2012 try to question this issues in a systemic way by taking into account the whole technical system. Our approach, focused on the techno-economic links existing between the production of “domestic” vocation and the production of hunting equipment, lead us to discuss and compare the different kinds of strategies put in place by the Solutrean and Badegoulian groups. It eventually allows us to shed light on the main evolutionary trends. Once faced to the archaeozoological studies, these data provides us to address the issue of group’s spatiotemporal organization, of their territorial management and subsistence behaviors. Finally, the new defined balances are discussed in regards to the changes documented in the symbolic component, reinforcing the cultural significance of the transformations at work. This contribution proposes a synthetic review of the multidisciplinary data obtained in the context of a project focused on several key-sites from southwest France. The individualization of each occupations and the analysis of their spatial structuration – the campsite scale – will not be addressed here. Rather, our reflections, driven by a critical analysis of the stratigraphic sequences and a renewing of the radiometric framework, is thought as a test of “vertical” palaethnology.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 11:00:18 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 26, 2019 - 8:18:04 AM

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Sylvain Ducasse, Caroline Renard, Malvina Baumann, Jean-Christophe Castel, François-Xavier Chauvière, et al.. Pour une palethnologie du pauvre : apports des séquences du Sud-Ouest français à la définition des comportements techno- et socio-économiques lors de la transition solutréo-badegoulienne. Palethnologie du Paléolithique supérieur ancien : où en sommes nous ? Actes du XXVIIème Congrès Préhistorique de France,, Montoya C.; Paris C.; Bodu P., May 2016, Amiens, France. ⟨hal-02132478⟩

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