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La fracturation lato sensu de l'os et du bois de cervidé : un bref historique des recherches

Abstract : This article proposes a historiographical overview of research carried out on the fracturing of hard animal materials (bone, antler). It covers the observations of fracturing on skeletal remains as early as the 19th century and the identification of its anthropic or taphonomic origins at the beginning of the 20th century. It also looks at the latest research focusing on specific technical and/or alimentary objectives at the beginning of the 21st century. From 2010-2011 the research team 'Ethnologie préhistorique' (UMR 7041, ArScAn) developed a new dynamic relating to the fracturing of hard animal materials within the general programme 'Ressources ani-males: acquisition, transformation et utilisation'. This research benefited from previous studies, with a specific attention to the technical perspective. This article thus focuses on the technical exploitation of bone and antler and the production of potential blanks used for the manufacturing of 'expedient' tools. But inevitably it is necessary to consider the use of bone fracturing for alimentary purposes since it is often thought that bones were primarily fractured to extract the marrow. The different issues regarding the fracturing sensu lato of bone and antler are discussed here (other materials such as shell, wood and ivory are discussed elsewhere in this volume). We do not intend to be exhaustive because the abundance of publications, from the 19th century to the present, is so great that a single book would not be enough.
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Marianne Christensen, Nejma Goutas, Céline Bemilli, Aude Chevallier, Jessica Lacarriere, et al.. La fracturation lato sensu de l'os et du bois de cervidé : un bref historique des recherches. « À coup d’éclats ! » La fracturation des matières osseuses en Préhistoire : discussion autour d’une modalité d’exploitation en apparence simple et pourtant mal connue, Apr 2017, Paris, France. pp.23-42. ⟨hal-02359336⟩

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