The elderly faced with risk : time perspectives part in gambling

Abstract : As highlighted in a 2010 report of the Centre d'analyse stratégique, the aging of the population in our post-industrialized countries remains a major societal challenge. Scientific research has therefore to provide insights regarding how to age healthy in all areas. Gambling is not immune, given that the prevalence of pathological gambling is increasing among over 60s (Wainstein, Grall-Bronnec & Venisse, 2008). Even though seniors over 55 are the first gambling consumers (INSEE, 2014), senior's gambling behavior is rarely investigated. This empirical study attempts to describe senior's specificities in relation to time perspectives (TP - Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999), risk taking and illusion of control (Langer, 1975). Through two experiments, using two different types of gambling (the first on a computer media online, the second based on face-to-face dice rolls), age groups were compared. Analyzes included data from 391 (Experiment 1) and 44 (Experiment 2) participants. Results showed that 1 / the elderly take more risks than the young people, 2 / the "present fatalistic" TP positively influences illusion of control. Perceiving the present as determined by uncontrolable forces appears to increase, paradoxically, the perceived level of control. An age effect on "past negative" TP and on "present hedonistic" TP was found in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, age impacted "present fatalistic" TP. These results suggest that seniors must be considered as a specific population, who requires therefore targeted prevention measures. Including time perspectives in the risk behaviors evaluation would allow the development of preventive measures specific to age, but also to individual's TP profile.
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Maylis Fontaine, Céline Lemercier, Valérie Le Floch, Aurélie Mouneyrac, Pierre-Vincent Paubel. The elderly faced with risk : time perspectives part in gambling. EuroScience Open Forum 2018, Jul 2018, Toulouse, France. ⟨hal-02095337⟩

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