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A Generalized Multifractal Formalism for the Estimation of Nonconcave Multifractal Spectra

Abstract : Multifractal analysis has become a powerful signal processing tool that characterizes signals or images via the fluctuations of their pointwise regularity, quantified theoretically by the so-called multifractal spectrum. The practical estimation of the multifractal spectrum fundamentally relies on exploiting the scale dependence of statistical properties of appropriate multiscale quantities, such as wavelet leaders, that can be robustly computed from discrete data. Despite successes of multifractal analysis in various real-world applications, current estimation procedures remain essentially limited to providing concave upper-bound estimates, while there is a priori no reason for the multifractal spectrum to be a concave function. This paper addresses this severe practical limitation and proposes a novel formalism for multifractal analysis that enables nonconcave multifractal spectra to be estimated in a stable way. The key contributions reside in the development and theoretical study of a generalized multifractal formalism to assess the multiscale statistics of wavelet leaders, and in devising a practical algorithm that permits this formalism to be applied to real-world data, allowing for the estimation of nonconcave multifractal spectra. Numerical experiments are conducted on several synthetic multifractal processes as well as on a real-world remote-sensing image and demonstrate the benefits of the proposed multifractal formalism over the state of the art. Index Terms-Multifractal analysis, nonconcave multifrac-tal spectrum, wavelet leaders, Legendre transform, generalized canonical ensemble.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 3:34:38 PM
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Roberto Leonarduzzi, Patrice Abry, Herwig Wendt, Hugo Touchette, Stéphane Jaffard. A Generalized Multifractal Formalism for the Estimation of Nonconcave Multifractal Spectra. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019, 67 (1), pp.110-119. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2018.2879617⟩. ⟨hal-02346512⟩



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