Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Gouvernance et participation : une approche communicationnelle des dispositifs participatifs en contexte local : le cas des conseils citoyens, de la presse associative de quartier et des indicateurs de bien-être "co-élaborés" avec les habitants

Abstract : This work attempts to put into perspective citizen participation by studying discourses produced into several participatory devices: the citizen councils, the neighborhood associative press and well-being indicators "co-developed" with the inhabitants. In this, we try to understand how those devices, whether institutionalized or not, shape actors' discourses but also how actors can get hold of them and use them according to the social configurations in which they fit. Then, considering their institutional and territorial background, it is important to figure out how participatory devices can be considered as instruments of public policies in which communicative issues have an increasing role. The relational dimension of communication brought by those participatory devices reflects a profound change of the public action. Public action is nowadays shaped by the neoliberal governance which is itself being influenced by growing injunctions in favor of both deliberation and sustainability. After having presented the epistemological and methodological framework of the statistical analysis of textual data (textometry) used in this study, we define the perimeter in which participatory devices and well-being indicators have been promoted to the rank of new political topics. Indeed, when we take into account their anchoring in the changing institutional context of implementation and evaluation of public policies, participatory devices can be perceived as instruments of public action. In doing so, we study both mutations of the state and public action caused by globalization, the domination of neoliberalism and managerial logics that drives regional integration processes. We will then successively present participation, as it is now theorized and as it takes shape through the citizen councils, that is to say as an institutionally standardized " communicative action". Then, thanks to the neighborhood associative press, we focus on the identity components of the territory, shaped by discourses and counter-discourses, as well as on the forms of citizen participation at the neighborhood level, that those discourses allow us to grasp. Then it becomes possible to examine, by comparing the discourses of the citizen councils and those of the neighbourhood journals, the semantic variations attached to the figures of the inhabitant and the citizen. Effectively, participatory devices are often implemented in very local spaces and it becomes difficult to distinguish the roles and the social power related to each of those figures, which however are not necessarily identical. Then, the "co-construction" of well-being indicators with the inhabitants gives us the opportunity to analyze one last form of citizen participation. In doing so, we highlight the levels and forms of acting that the call for "the well-being of all "can produce, by comparing two participatory procedures and two distinct social configurations. Finally, the similarities and specificities of each studied devices allow us to re-examine the perimeter and the uses of participative democracy as well as the restructuring of the social power.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [1 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02476396
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2020 - 4:21:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 12, 2020 - 1:46:07 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Wednesday, May 13, 2020 - 5:37:05 PM

Files

2019TOU30042b.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02476396, version 1

Citation

Natacha Souillard. Gouvernance et participation : une approche communicationnelle des dispositifs participatifs en contexte local : le cas des conseils citoyens, de la presse associative de quartier et des indicateurs de bien-être "co-élaborés" avec les habitants. Environnement et Société. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30042⟩. ⟨tel-02476396⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

60

Files downloads

98